Aksioma – Institute for Contemporary Art, Ljubljana and Ljubljana Puppet Theatre in partnership with International Festival of Contemporary Arts – City of Women, present:



Ljubljana Puppet Theatre / Stage under the stars
Krekov trg 2, Ljubljana

5, 7, 8 July 2017 at 9 pm


Photo: Nada Žgank

Maja Smrekar conceived  her project Requiem for The Future as an experiment/performance in which the human body is substituted by animals and machines. For several years she has been exploring the work with dogs on an empirical level using elements of modern technology and is particularly interested in creating spatial choreography, mainly performed by dogs and robots. In her work she deals with synergic transitions between anthropomorphic, technomorphic and zoomorphic – the associations, which are evoked by puppets as well.

“As an interdisciplinary artist, fusing humanities and natural sciences into interdisciplinary projects, I look at the complex field of puppetry through an interdisciplinary perspective, ranging from Medieval Spanish theatre, with the so-called máquina real style, to modern, Stelarc's techno-performances.”

The initial inspiration for the show comes from the concept of Das Triadische Ballet (1922) by Oskar Schlemmer, who understood the early 20th century zeitgeist through two key contemporary currents: the mechanical (the human as a machine and the body as a mechanism) and the primary impulses (the sudden rise of the creative urge, which is a wild, instinctive drive); he believed that he achieved a synergy of the Dionysian and the Apollonian creative principles in his choreographies. Schlemmer thought that the movement of puppets or marionettes was aesthetically superior to human movement; thus, he wanted to emphasise that every artistic medium is artificial, which he achieved through stylised movement, which he kept simplifying until it became reminiscent of the abstracted movement of puppets or marionettes. Similarly, Maja Smrekar is interested in the associative paradigm of animal movement and machine movement. Geometry, which is reminiscent of mechanical movements, is also always present in constant repetition in the formal part of dog training. At the same time, the human guidance of drones could also be understood as the inverse paraphrase of Kant’s reflection on upbringing and education: the human is an animal that needs a teacher/leader. Hence, at this point, the artist addresses particularly the gaze of the other: not only what the existence of humans means to animals, but also how “monstrous” the human appears to artificial intelligence.

On the basis of the theory of the harmony of spheres, the Greek mathematician Pythagoras formed the hypothesis that the Sun, the Moon and the rest of the planets in our solar system emit their unique orbital resonances, which are based on their orbital revolution, while the quality of life on Earth reflects the meaning of cosmic sounds which are otherwise inaudible to humans. Starting from his thesis, music, which shapes the temporal-dramaturgical arch of the performance, establishes one of the key layers in addition to the voice. Beginning with the granulations of sounds from nature and the creation of organic atmosphere in the first part (“DOG”), the performance continues with a cut into techno-steam-punk accompanied by the robust sounds of the flying drones in the second part (“DRONE”). A contrast to both appears with the shift to choir singing in the third part (the absent “HUMAN”), with the opening beats from a Bulgarian folk song Dragana and the Nightingale which speaks about the anthropocentric relationship in the race between nature and culture; yet, it is soon dispelled through the counterpoint of pulsating intervals based on some coefficients of the relations between the orbital frequencies of the planets closest to Earth (13 Venus orbits for 8 Earth orbits, 3 Venus orbits for 1 Mars orbit, 2 Earth orbits form 1 Mars orbit). The concept of the music of spheres entails the metaphysical principle in which mathematical relations express the tonal qualities of the energy manifested in numbers, shapes and sounds – combined into proportional patterns with which, at the end of the performance, we close the paradoxical circuit of human existence in the infinity of the universe.

Human perception of the animal machine as well as the machine run by artificial intelligence is quick to slip into the identification of demonising the other, for in the vicious circle of dialectics we always stop with the discourse of feelings and subjectivisation of the (human) soul.

In establishing links between technology, nature, the hybrid anthropo-, zoo- and technomorphic nature of robots and animals, we are dealing with an interrogation of the contemporary social paradigm in which humans have destroyed nature almost completely due to the excessive exultation of our own culture; yet, despite this, nature survives and lives more fully in symbiosis with technology only after mankind has destroyed itself.

The music from the performance is available from the online publisher Kamizdat under the conditions of the Creative Commons licence.


Ljubljana Puppet Theatre and Aksioma - Institute for Contemporary Art, Ljubljana, 2016

in collaboration with the City of Women Festival

Producers: Pija Bodlaj and Marcela Okretič

Author: Maja Smrekar

Actress: Alenka Marinič
Dogs training: Mia Zahariaš
Dog trainers: Mia Zahariaš, Tina Šolar
Dogs: Atiya Maiara and Express O Magic of Michéles Garden; Nuria del Somni Catala and Tails of Magic Fang
Drone technology: Alen and Mia Balja
Drone management: Alen Balja, Blaž Kovačič, Urša Purkart, Bojan Vlah, Maja Smrekar

Music: Luka Prinčič
Lighting design: Miloš Vujković
Set design: Andrej Strehovec
Set design manufacture: ScenArt
Assistant: Urša Purkart
Head of performance and sound designer: Luka Bernetič

Supported by: the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Slovenia and the Municipality of Ljubljana.

Aksioma | Institute for Contemporary Art, Ljubljana



Previous performances:

14 - 15 October 2016
Ljubljana Puppet Theatre
Ljubljana, Slovenia

Maja Smrekar
Photo: Jure Eržen
Maja Smrekar is an established interdisciplinary artist, creating for many years at the intersection of science, technology and the arts. She tackles her projects in an extremely analytical manner and with a great deal of social sensibility. Her interest lies in various phenomena of media environments, systems of perception, and the anthropology of fear. She graduated from the Sculpture Department of Academy of Fine Arts and Design in Ljubljana, where she also obtained master's degree from the Video and New Media Department. Her main interest is dwelling towards the concept of life by connecting humanistic and natural sciences into the interdisciplinary artistic projects. In 2010 she organised the International Festival HAIP10/New Nature. The festival took place at the Multimedia Centre Cyberpipe in Ljubljana where she has been active as an artistic director for two years. She has been awarded with the 1st prize at the Cynetart festival 2012 by the European Centre for Arts Hellerau (Dresden, Germany), Honorary mention at the Ars Electronica festival 2013 (Linz, Austria), as well as the Golden Bird Award 2013 – the national award for special achivements in the field of visual arts by the Liberal Academy (Ljubljana, Slovenia) for the project Hu.M.C.C. This year she is nominated for New Technological Art Award (NTAA), an international art competition of the Liedts-Meesen Foundation (Gent, Belgium). Maja Smrekar lives and works between Ljubljana and Berlin. MORE...