State to Stateless Machines: A Trajectory

James Bridle


James Bridle (one of Wired magazine’s 100 most influential people in Europe) is an artist and writer working across technologies and disciplines. In 2018, he curated the exhibition and conference Transnationalisms, produced by Aksioma in the framework of the international cooperation project State Machines. Bridle has spent the recent years researching citizenship-by-investment and related technologies: special economic zones and free trade areas, freeports and seasteads, blockchain and other supposedly emancipatory but inhuman and asset-based protocols for identity management. At every level, the mass movement of peoples and the rise of planetary-scale computation is changing the way we think and understand national identity. The state as we know it is coming to an end: in this essay, starting from the increasing exchange of national identities available to the very rich, the author draws the trajectory of State to stateless machines.


James Bridle: State to Stateless Machines: A Trajectory
PostScriptUM #33
Series edited by Janez Janša
Language: English
Publisher: Aksioma – Institute for Contemporary Art, Ljubljana
Represented by: Marcela Okretič
Proofreading: Rebecca Cachia
Design: Luka Umek
Layout: Sonja Grdina
(c) Aksioma | All text and image rights reserved by the author | Ljubljana 2019
Printed and distributed by: |
In the framework of State Machines |
Supported by the Creative Europe programme of the European Union, the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Slovenia and the Municipality of Ljubljana.

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