The Charter of Carnaro
Gabriele d’Annunzio, Alceste De Ambris
Published in the context of the project The Seaport of Love by Janez Jansa, the Charter of Carnaro is the constitution of the self-proclaimed State of Fiume in 1920, written by the Italian poet and intellectual Gabriele D’Annunzio and the anarcho-syndicalist Alceste De Ambris. The constitution was put into effect after the seizure of the city of Fiume led by D’Annunzio himself, forcing the withdrawal of the inter-allied occupying forces.
The Charter of Carnaro is a bizarre document, which mingles proto-fascist components with undisputedly modern elements, libertarian, anarchist and democratic ideals, and a rare acknowledgement of the key role played by artists in society and is notorious for designating “music” to be the fundamental principle of the state.
The anarchist thinker Hakim Bey, in his legendary essay T.A.Z. (1985), on temporary autonomous zones, describes Fiume as “the last of the pirate utopias (or the only modern example)” and “the first modern TAZ.”
Edited by: Janez Janša
Publisher: Študentska založba, Ljubljana, 2009
Co-publisher: Aksioma – Institute for Contemporary Art
Translation: Anna Carruthers
Printed by: Demat